Specialized Dental Health Care
Periodontal disease is a very serious matter. It can affect your smile, cause painful inflammation, and even affect your heart health. Regular cleanings are also very important in preventing periodontal disease. At Mountainside Dental Care, we provide specialized treatment for the prevention and management of periodontal disease.
Causes of Periodontal Disease
Periodontics is a dental specialty dealing specifically with periodontal disease and gum health. Periodontal disease is commonly caused by the following problems.
- Poor Dental Hygiene – Periodontal disease can develop when you don’t brush and floss every day, and when you don’t get professional dental cleanings as often as you should.
- Plaque Buildup – Prolonged plaque buildup can infect the gums, forming pockets of plaque.
- Prolonged Gum Inflammation – When you don’t see your dentist at least twice a year, your gums may become inflamed. This prolonged inflammation can lead to severe cases of periodontal disease. Bone and tissue may erode, and tooth loss becomes a danger.
Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
It’s important to spot periodontal disease as soon as possible. Here are some of the signs and symptoms to look out for.
- Bleeding Gums – If your gums bleed easily when you brush, floss, or eat, or bleed seemingly at random, you may have periodontal disease.
- Painful Chewing – If your teeth and gums feel tender when you bite down and eat, the gums may be infected.
- Gum Discoloration – Another sign of periodontal disease is a dark red or purplish discoloration of the gums around the area where they meet the tooth.
- Swollen Gums – Gums that look puffed up or swollen may be another sign of periodontal disease.
- Loose Teeth – In advanced stages of periodontal disease, your teeth may become loose.
Types of Periodontal Disease
There are different types of periodontal disease, so your treatment needs to be customized. These are the most common types of periodontal disease.
- Gingivitis – Gingivitis is periodontal disease at its most benign stage. It can be reversed and is usually highlighted by swollen and/or discolored gums.
- Periodontitis – Periodontitis occurs when the infection has moved below the gum line. Receding gum lines, puffy gums, and bad breath could all be signs of periodontitis.
- Aggressive Periodontitis – Aggressive periodontitis is the advanced stage of normal periodontitis, in which tissue and bone damage occurs.
- Systemic Periodontitis – Conditions like diabetes, heart disease, and respiratory disease can also cause periodontitis. This is known as systemic periodontitis.
Treatments for Periodontal Disease
Proper treatment of periodontal disease will depend on how advanced the case is. If caught early, treatment can include the following:
- Scaling – Scaling involves removing hardened plaque from the teeth and gum lines.
- Root Planing – The surface of the tooth root is smoothed out to help prevent further infections.
- Antibiotics – Treatment of periodontal disease may also include a round of antibiotics to help your body fight off the infection.
Keep in mind that there are a number of surgical treatments for advanced cases of periodontal disease. These treatments can include bone grafts, soft tissue grafts, and pocket reduction surgery.